More than slips, trips and falls: Learn the skills to ease the pain of winter workplace accidents

More than slips trips and falls

The winter months lead to darker mornings and evenings, wet, slippery floors and ice and snow on path ways, which can all increase the risk of accidents. In 2016/17, 29% of non-fatal injuries to employees were caused by slips, trips and falls.*

Make sure you and your team are prepared for a winter workplace accident, by keeping your first aid skills up to date.

Sprains and strains

If your colleague slips and falls they could twist their ankle or wrist or overstretch a muscle.

What are the symptoms of a sprain or strain?

If someone has pain, swelling or bruising around a joint or muscle after a sudden movement to part of their body, they may have a sprain or strain.

How to help someone with a sprain or strain

  1. Get the person to rest.
  2. Apply an ice pack to the injury.
  3. If there is no improvement, seek medical advice.
Workplace sprain or strain

Broken bones

If someone falls and lands in an awkward position, they may have a broken bone.

What are the symptoms of a broken bone?

Someone who has a broken bone may have pain, swelling and bruising and difficulty moving the injured limb.

How to help someone with a broken bone

  1. Encourage the person to support the injury with their hand, or use a cushion or items of clothing to prevent unnecessary movement.
  2. Call 999 as soon as possible or get someone else to do it.
  3. Continue supporting the injury until help arrives.
Workplace broken bone

Head injury

If someone falls from a height, they may have a headache, a bump on their head and have a pale complexion.

How to help someone with a head injury

  1. Ask them to rest and apply something cold to the injury – for example, frozen vegetables wrapped in a tea towel.
  2. Call 999 if they become drowsy, vomit or their condition gets worse.
Workplace head injury

Asthma attack

Asthma attacks can often be triggered by the colder weather.

What happens when someone has an asthma attack?

When someone has an asthma attack, the muscles in the airways narrow, making it difficult for them to breathe.

How to help someone who is having an asthma attack

  1. Help the person sit in a comfortable position and take their medication.
  2. Reassure the person. If the attack becomes severe or they don't have their medication, call 999 as soon as possible.
Workplace asthma attack


Many people choose to warm up during cold weather with hot drinks, increasing the risk of burns and scalds.

How to help someone who has a burn

  1. Cool the burn under cold running water for at least ten minutes.
  2. After the burn has been cooled, cover it with cling film or a clean plastic bag.
Workplace burns

Learn more

First aid doesn’t have to be complicated and you can learn via a few different methods:

Book a course – our first aid at work courses give you the skills and confidence to respond to a range of first aid emergencies, including helping someone who is suffering from an asthma attack or has a broken bone.

First aid apps – download our apps which are packed with useful videos, animations and tips. Each skill only takes a few minutes to learn.

Online annual refresher course - request an e-learning licence and learn online in your own time, at work or at home.

Download our poster – which features helpful first aid tips on winter-related injuries and illnesses.

Our first aid pack is crammed full of information including quizzes and step by step first aid skill guides.

*Health and Safety Executive Health and Safety at Work Summary Statistics for Great Britain 2017