Do you remember your Dr's ABC?
Some of the acronyms you learn on your training course can help you remember what to do and in what order you should do them. The Dr's ABC is a great way to help you complete the primary survey of a casualty, so remember:
D - Danger. Your priority is always to maintain your own safety. Check for signs of danger or potential risks before you start to treat a casualty.
R - Response. You now need to ascertain if the casualty is conscious. Ask them to respond to a simple question like "Can you tell me your name?" If they are unable to respond verbally, they may be able to respond to other simple commands like "Can you open your eyes?"
S - Shout for help. You will most likely require someone to help you call the emergency services while you attend to the casualty.
A - Airway. You should ensure that your casualty's airway is open and unblocked. If they are unconscious, tilt the head back and lift their chin to open the airway.
B- Breathing. You need to establish if your casualty is breathing normally - look, listen and feel for breaths. If your casualty is unconscious but breathing normally, they should be placed in the recovery position. If the casualty is unconscious and not breathing, you should dial 999 / 112 for the emergency services and start CPR.
C- Circulation. Look for signs of severe bleeding once the other checks have been made. Pressure should be applied to the bleeds and the affected limb raise above heart level. The casualty should be monitored and treated for signs of shock.
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